Two years of covid-19 in the world: Its effects on human rights, the economy and mental health

Many things can happen in the course of two years: births, deaths, dreams, agreements, beginnings and endings. Looking back, 2019 could turn out to be a distant year in which one of the most crucial events of our time detonated: the global contagion by covid-19.

It all started precisely when on December 31, 2019, the Office of the World Health Organization in China was informed of several cases of “pneumonia of unknown etiology” that had been detected in the city of Wuhan, in the province of Hubei.

By January 3, the country’s authorities had notified a total of 44 patients with pneumonia. Of these cases, 11 were seriously ill, and 33 were in stable condition. These data would have come to light two days after the market from which the infections arose had been closed for sanitation and environmental disinfection.

On January 9, 2020, the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention identified that the infection patterns were caused by a new coronavirus. Once the situation was identified, by the end of that month, more than 9,700 cases had been detected in China and another 106 in 19 countries.

This is how the Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak as a public health emergency of international importance, which was named SARSCoV2 the covid-19.

In a consecutive way, due to the flows and contact between people around the world, the cases expanded and until December 31, 2021, more than 287 million infections have been detected after that strange pneumonia that detonated in Wuhan.

In Guatemala, the first case of covid-19 was detected on March 13, 2020 and since then about 628 thousand infections have been registered. Both in the country and in the rest of the world, the ravages of the coronavirus have been critical and have ended up modifying the health, social and economic plans.

To date, more than 287 million positive cases for covid-19 have been detected in the world. (Free Press Photo: Unsplash)

According to a report published in March 2021 by the United Nations (UN), lhe saturation of public health care systems around the world has hampered the access to medical care for diseases other than covid19, both physical and mental health, including women’s access to sexual health services and reproductive.

The report notes that las health repercussions of the pandemic “have demonstrated the importance of having a universal and public health care system that is robust and based on the principle solidarity and protection of all, regardless of the ability to pay the person”.

Although there are currently a diversity of vaccines around the world, the truth is that their access has also been complicated given the obstacles in the health systems of many countries.

After the first cases of covid-19, more than three variants of the coronavirus have been detected. (Free Press Photo: Unsplash)

One of the important aspects of the covid-19 pandemic and related to human well-being has to do with mental health. The UN has highlighted a lack of investment in promotion, prevention and careion of mental illnesses, which has “prevented from offering
sufficient responses to the enormous needs ”.

A report published by the World Bank estimated that by 2020, the year in which the covid-19 had more impacts, the world economy was going to reduce to 5.2%.

Data from the World Bank also revealed that the effects of this pandemic led to it being understood in economic terms as “the worst recession since World War II, and the first time since 1870 that so many economies would experience a decline in per capita output.” .

On the other hand, the International Monetary Fund warned that this crisis led to a decrease of almost 5% in world gross domestic product.

The pandemic has sparked a new global consciousness regarding personal and collective sanitation levels. (Free Press Photo: Unsplash)

The firm Deloitte also pointed out that the covid-19 could affect in terms of disorders in the supply chain. The financial impacts have been seen over the past two years in massive job cuts.

Other instances of the world such as the Catholic Church have invited us to seek positivity beyond all the facts that cannot be denied. This is how Alessio Pecorario of the Vatican’s Dicastery for Comprehensive Human Development Service has addressed it in an interview with Vatican News:

“We have witnessed an explosion of solidarity, so we can observe the ‘contagion’ of solidarity, which has often been more viral than covid. Let’s think of the non-profit organizations in the health sector that have approached the public ones taking care of patients suffering from non-covid diseases and who did not have access to treatment, or of the companies in the food sector that have offered discounts ”, said the specialist.

He also added that it was impossible not to fall into a simplification of bad politics and good civil society. “Our experience teaches us that it is precisely from the cooperation of the supportive actors that the common good is born,” he added.

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