Vaccination against covid: “vaccine produces 10 times more antibodies than the disease”

An unvaccinated population is susceptible to contagion covid-19, and with the appearance of the omicron variant the risk is greater. The infectious disease doctor David Prado talks about the importance of completing schedules, and applying booster and additional doses to the population that needs it, in addition to continuing with prevention measures, such as the use of a mask and social distancing.

Who should receive that third dose against covid-19?

It is not the academically justifiable time for everyone to have three doses.

The complete vaccination today is two doses, certain populations at risk require a booster -such as the adult over 60 years of age-, certain populations require a third dose that we should not call booster but additional, because they have a condition that does not allow them to respond in ideal way to vaccination.

Can the vaccines we have access to today protect us from the new variants of covid-19?

The information is very preliminary, but the little that exists suggests that we will be protected with current vaccines at a discrete or moderately lower level than for other variants, or for the original variety of the virus.

Hence, it is also suggested that high levels of defenses or antibodies will be important to control this variant. In other words, the efficacy may be lower, but there is complete vaccination, and additional vaccination could be important for this new variant.

What is different to the omicron variant of the delta?

The WHO classifies the variants in two: of interest, which have the potential to cause a problem, and of concern, there is evidence that it can cause a problem.

Ómicron is the variant with the most mutations and the one that has been classified as a variant of concern the most quickly by the WHO.

When you have a variant of concern, some aspects are disturbing: it is more communicable, it is more severe or that protection measures such as vaccines do not protect as much.

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Ómicron is very transmittable. Delta is the variant that predominates in the whole world, it is possible that omicron displaces it.

Vaccines, the response can be beneficial, although less, and the message must be given of the importance of complete vaccination.

Severity does not seem to be that severe with preliminary information, but it explains more cases than delta or beta in patients who already had the disease.

Faced with the threat of the omicron variant, what is the recommendation for the population?

Non-vaccinated people should be vaccinated, people with partial vaccination should have the full vaccination and those who require booster or additional doses should receive them, we must not forget that these people include hypertensive, diabetic, with chronic kidney disease, chronic lung disease and obese.

People with these conditions should approach the vaccination centers, because these conditions or diseases are included within the recommendations of the Conapi -National Council of Immunization Practices- and the Ministry of Health.

The protection (of the vaccine) could be less and we must ensure that we have the best possible vaccination for our situation against the omicron variant.

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Can a person who was infected with the delta variant be reinfected with omicron?

Perfectly, and with other variants of coronavirus. All those who have become ill with covid should receive their vaccinations.

Vaccination produces 10 times more defenses or antibodies than the disease, and the possibility of getting sick after suffering it is five times higher in the unvaccinated than in the vaccinated. Part of what we have to do with omicron is not only complete the vaccination schedule, but also that all those who have suffered from covid are vaccinated.

It is a time of conviviality, of meetings for the end of the year festivities, and the population has relaxed prevention measures, what can we expect?

The vaccines are not 100% effective, and the distancing and mask measures must continue.

In January we are going to see a peak of illness, because we are tired, we want to party, we no longer care about the covid, but today we are at eight percent of the peak of August 24, the circulation has dropped by one level. Remarkably, we would have to predict that by January it will increase, that is almost undeniable.

If we have a poor vaccination, we will have a higher record (of infections), regardless of the omicron variant, independent of any variant. If we don’t protect our population we are going to be in trouble.

In 15 days, 44 thousand doses are administered

In Guatemala, 44 thousand 202 booster and additional doses have been applied against the coronavirus, the report is until 11.35 am on December 15.

According to the Social Communication of the portfolio, the data should be handled as the amount of booster doses administered, since this includes those who were vaccinated abroad with Johnson & Johnson, which is a single injection, and who now received a vaccine in the country.

The objective is to guarantee that people with a higher risk of morbidity and mortality from coronavirus and who have a full vaccination schedule receive a booster or additional dose to help increase and maintain their level of immunity against the disease, in accordance with the Health guideline .

Yesterday, December 16, the San Juan de Dios Hospital received 3,494 of Moderna vaccines to begin with the inoculation of its personnel, which includes doctors, paramedics, technicians, operational and administrative. Most completed the two-dose schedule with AstraZeneca and will now receive the messenger RNA dose as a booster.

The director of the hospital, Dr. Gerardo Hernández, said that it is planned to vaccinate 500 people per day.

Other health centers in which booster doses have been given to health personnel are Roosevelt, Hospital San Benito and El Temporal in Petén; Regional de Occidente and Temporal de Quetzaltenango, Nacional de San Marcos, Regional de Huehuetenango; as well as the Fray Bartolomé de las Casas and La Tinta District hospitals, in Alta Verapaz.

The guidelines of the Ministry of Health establish that “as more vaccine is available and the evidence and recommendations are reviewed by experts and external advisers, other population groups will be included” to receive the third dose against covid-19.

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