A total of 300 objects were recovered, including straw mattresses, coins, helmets, ammunition and newspapers of the time.
The cave served as a refuge for a group of at least 20 Austrian soldiers stationed on Mount Scorluzzo, on the Alpine front, near the famous Stelvio Pass in northern Italy, historian Stefano Morosini confirmed to CNN.
Entrance to the cave was inaccessible until 2017, when researchers from the University of Bergamo entered after the glacier melted, said Morosini, scientific coordinator of the heritage project in Stelvio National Park.
The Nation reported that inside the cave they found food, dishes and jackets made with animal skins, among many other articles that show the terrible life that the soldiers had, who faced extreme environmental conditions with winter temperatures below -40 ° C.
“Soldiers had to fight the extreme environment, fight snow or avalanches, but also fight the enemy,” he added.
“The artifacts are a representation, like a time machine showing the extreme conditions of life during World War I,” he said, adding that more artifacts appear as the glacier melts with each passing summer.
“It is a kind of open-air museum,” said the researcher, who also confirmed that five years ago the bodies of two soldiers were found, along with documents that allowed their remains to be identified and handed over to their families.
The publication adds that the artifacts from the cave shelter are being preserved and will be part of an exhibition that will open in late 2022 in a museum dedicated to the First World War in the city of Bormio, in northern Italy.
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The refuge was occupied in the early days of the war by Austrian troops, who made it completely invisible from the Italian side or from aerial observation, according to a report from the White War Museum, in Adamello, northern Italy.
The cave where the refuge was mounted is located at an elevation of 3,094 meters above sea level, just below the peak of Monte Scorluzzo, and excavation work has been carried out every July and August since 2017, removing around 60 meters cubic of ice from the cave.